Edorium Journal of

Gynecology and Obstetrics

 
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Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome (OHVIRA) with recurrent haematocolpos after aspiration drainage of the obstructed hemivagina
Ahmad Shuib Yahaya1, Anizah Aishah Rosli1, Nik Ahmad Zuky Nik Lah2
1Specialist Trainee, Obstetric & Gynaecology Department, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia.
2Senior Lecturer, Obstetric & Gynaecology Department, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia.

Article ID: 100006G06AY2015
doi:10.5348/G06-2015-6-CL-6

Address correspondence to:
Ahmad Shuib Yahaya
Obstetric & Gynaecology Department
School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia-Health Campus
Kubang Kerian, Kelantan
Malaysia -16150
Phone: +60167767974

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How to cite this article
Yahaya AS, Rosli AA, Lah NAZN. Herlyn-Werner- Wunderlich syndrome (OHVIRA) with recurrent haematocolpos after aspiration drainage of the obstructed hemivagina. Edorium J Gynecol Obstet 2015;1:19–21.


Case Report

A 20-year-old single lady with abnormal menses and severe dysmenorrhea and initial assessment revealed uterine didelphys with pelvic collection suspicious of hematocolpos. There was no specific finding in the physical examination. The per rectal examination revealed extra luminal mass from the right vaginal wall with severe tenderness elicited. Abdominal ultrasonographic examination revealed the presence of two uteri with separated endometrium each. The measurement of the right uterus was 4.6x2.7 cm with endometrial thickness of 5.7 mm. There was a hypoechoic area within the vagina measuring 6.8x3.8 cm likely to be hematocolpos. The left uterus was normal, 4.4x3.8 cm, with endometrium thickness of 5 mm. Diagnostic laparoscopy and examination under anesthesia was performed and transvaginal aspiration drainage of hematocolpos was done in the same setting. 60 ml of chocolate-colored fluid was drained.

The patient was symptom-free for three months and recurrence of symptomatic hematocolpos was detected during the follow-up visit. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of pelvis was done which showed uterine didelphys with normal left uterus and enlarged right uterus with large proteinaceous fluid within the cervix with rounded pouch distally. Both of the uterine body was connected with different cervical canal but shared the same vaginal canal (Figure 1). There was an absent of the right kidney (Figure 2). Features of the MRI scan are in keeping of uterine didelphys with obstructed right hemivagina and right renal agenesis; suggestive of Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome.

Definitive treatment was planned and resection of the vaginal septum was performed. The septum was resected and the edges of the vaginal epithelium were sutured to prevent development of obstructing tissues during wound healing. Upon the follow-up visits at the clinic, the patient was asymptomatic and the examination revealed healed, unobstructed vaginal canal with no recurrence of hematocolpos.


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Figure 1: Magnetic resonance imaging scan demonstrating complete view of the pelvic anatomy defects: Uterine didelphys, enormously dilated hemivagina due to presence of vaginal septum. The patient was menstruating during the MRI procedure and detail delineation of fluid (suggestive of menstrual blood) from each endometrial cavity is observed.



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Figure 2: Coronal view of Magnetic resonance imaging scan showing absent of right kidney (renal agenesis) with normal left kidney.


Discussion

Herlyn- Werner-Wunderlich syndrome or OHVIRA; (Obstructed Hemi Vagina with Ipsilateral Renal Agenesis) is a relatively rare type of Mullerian anomalies that was first described in 1922. This anomaly is generally observed in post-menarche adolescents and young women with irregular menses, dysmenorrhea, abdominal pain, and pelvic mass [1] [2]. The syndrome may be difficult to be recognized due to the infrequency of this syndrome, therefore a high index of suspicion is required. The diagnosis is often delayed as initially regular menstrual flow would be observed from unobstructed vaginal canal.

Early detection is important as immediate surgical resection of the obstructed hemivagina, as to prevent complications and preserve future fertility. Among the recognized complications related to chronic cryptomenorrhea include endometriosis (delayed cases as consequence of retrograde menstruation) or pelvic adhesions and infectious collections (hematometra or pyometra and hematosalpinx or pyosalpinx). Ultrasound and MRI are widely and effectively used in the diagnosis of genitourinary anomalies. Accuracy reported from MRI scan being 100% due to its ability to elaborate uterovaginal anatomy in detail [3].

Total resection of the septum (septectomy) and marsupialization are the optimal management options. The septum should be excised as much as possible, followed by suturing the edges or marsupialization to allow drainage of the menstrual fluid and prevent recurrence of obstruction. Pregnancies had been reported before in patients with this syndrome, including from uterus ipsilateral to the obstructed vagina after resection of the septum performed [4].


Conclusion

Imaging technique is important in diagnosis of Mullerian anomalies. In case of Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome (OHVIRA), resection of the obstructing septum is the optimal management, as compared to drainage of the haematocolpos.

Keywords: Haematocolpos, Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich, Mullerian duct anomaly, Renal agenesis


Acknowledgements

Assistant Prof. Dr. Shah Reza Johan Nor
Head, Obstetrics Gynaecology Department, School of Medical Sciences, USM.


References
  1. Del Vescovo R, Battisti S, Di Paola V, et al. Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome: MRI findings, radiological guide (two cases and literature review), and differential diagnosis. BMC Med Imaging 2012 Mar 9;12:4.   [CrossRef]   [Pubmed]    Back to citation no. 1
  2. Gholoum S, Puligandla PS, Hui T, Su W, Quiros E, Laberge JM. Management and outcome of patients with combined vaginal septum, bifid uterus, and ipsilateral renal agenesis (Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome). J Pediatr Surg 2006 May;41(5):987–92.   [CrossRef]   [Pubmed]    Back to citation no. 2
  3. Marten K, Vosshenrich R, Funke M, Obenauer S, Baum F, Grabbe E. MRI in the evaluation of müllerian duct anomalies. Clin Imaging 2003 Sep-Oct;27(5):346–50.   [Pubmed]    Back to citation no. 3
  4. Haddad B, Barranger E, Paniel BJ. Blind hemivagina: long-term follow-up and reproductive performance in 42 cases. Hum Reprod 1999 Aug;14(8):1962–4.   [CrossRef]   [Pubmed]    Back to citation no. 4
SUGGESTED READING
  • Moore KL, Persaud TVN. The urogenital system: the development of the genital system. The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders; 2003. 287.
  • Marcal L, Nothaft MA, Coelho F, Volpato R, Iyer R. Mullerian duct anomalies: MR imaging. Abdom Imaging. 2011 Dec. 36(6):756-64.
  • The ESHRE/ESGE consensus on the classification of female genital tract congenital anomalies:
  • Grimbizis GF et al. The ESHRE/ESGE consensus on the classification of female genital tract congenital anomalies. Hum Reprod 2013;28:2032-2044.
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Author Contributions
Ahmad Shuib Yahaya – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Anizah Aishah Rosli – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Nik Ahmad Zuky Nik Lah – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2015 Ahmad Shuib Yahaya et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



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